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FLOUR AND BREAD PRODUCTION AND LEGISLATION IN OTTOMAN EMPIRE-2

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Ergin ÜNVER - Ziraat Yüksek Mühendisi In the previous issue of our magazine, I gave information about the ahi and guild systems as well as wheat and flour which constitutes the raw material of bread in the Ottoman State. I mentioned that bread was deemed as “sacred bread” and written down the regulation prepared for flour and bread. I shared with you …

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Defining Flour Water Absorption With High-Precision Dosage

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Jürgen Willmann BRABENDER® GmbH & Co. KG Aqua-Inject, Brabender’s new automatic water dosing system, measures the flow rate of water dosed through a miniaturized rotary turbine. Performing dosing with a high level of precision, Aqua-Inject simplifies operations for laboratory staff while reducing investment costs. In the literal meaning of “on top”, Brabender now introduces its automated water dosing system for …

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Flour And Bred Production And Legislation In The Ottoman Empire

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Ergin ÜNVER Agricultural Engineer “During the Ottoman Period, ahi orders applied for disciplining and controlling, production, marketing and penalization of wheat, flour, and almost all foods and supplies. Since bread was accepted as sacred with the increase in the population in the country, and treading on materials that spill around during production was considered a sin, the workers had to …

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